Tamara de Lempicka, born Tamara Rozalia Gurwik-Górska, was a Polish painter who spent her working life in France and the United States. She is best known for her polished Art Deco portraits of aristocrats and the wealthy, and for her highly stylized Tamara de Lempicka paintings of nudes.

In 1928, she became the mistress of Baron Raoul Kuffner, a wealthy art collector from the former Austro-Hungarian Empire. After her divorce from Tadeusz Łempicki in 1931 and the death of his wife in 1933, Kuffner married Lempicka in 1934, and thereafter she became known in the press as “The Baroness with a Brush.”

Following the outbreak of World War II in 1939, she and her husband moved to the United States, where she created numerous Tamara de Lempicka art, including celebrity portraits, still lifes, and some abstract pieces. Her work made a comeback in the late 1960s with the rediscovery of Art Deco. Paintings by Tamara de Lempicka gained renewed interest, and she moved to Mexico in 1974, where she lived until her death in 1980.